Module also offered within study programmes:
General information:
Name:
Structural Geology for economic geologist
Course of study:
2017/2018
Code:
BGG-2-203-EG-s
Faculty of:
Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection
Study level:
Second-cycle studies
Specialty:
Economic Geology
Field of study:
Mining and Geology
Semester:
2
Profile of education:
Academic (A)
Lecture language:
English
Form and type of study:
Full-time studies
Course homepage:
 
Responsible teacher:
dr inż. Felisiak Ireneusz (felisiak@geol.agh.edu.pl)
Academic teachers:
dr inż. Felisiak Ireneusz (felisiak@geol.agh.edu.pl)
Module summary

Description of learning outcomes for module
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Connections with FLO Method of learning outcomes verification (form of completion)
Skills
M_U001 Student knows how structural data should be collected in the field GG2A_W04, GG2A_W11 Test results
M_U002 Student can treat and interpret structural data and present analysys GG2A_W04, GG2A_W11 Test results
Knowledge
M_W001 Student knows how to identify, classify and analyse geological structures GG2A_W01, GG2A_W02 Examination
M_W002 Student is able to link the formation of geological structures to various geological environments GG2A_W01, GG2A_W06, GG2A_W11 Examination
FLO matrix in relation to forms of classes
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Form of classes
Lecture
Audit. classes
Lab. classes
Project classes
Conv. seminar
Seminar classes
Pract. classes
Zaj. terenowe
Zaj. warsztatowe
Others
E-learning
Skills
M_U001 Student knows how structural data should be collected in the field - - - + - - - - - - -
M_U002 Student can treat and interpret structural data and present analysys - - - + - - - - - - -
Knowledge
M_W001 Student knows how to identify, classify and analyse geological structures + - - - - - - - - - -
M_W002 Student is able to link the formation of geological structures to various geological environments + - - - - - - - - - -
Module content
Lectures:

  • Structure, texture and fabric in polish and british geological nomenclature. Primary and tectonic structures. Synsedimentary structures versus tectonic ones. Brittle and ductile behaviours of rocks. Strain and stress. Pure shear and simple shear. Structural measurements and equipment used.
  • Fold structures: basic nomenclature and classifications. Fold vergence. Symmetries of parasitic minor folds (ZMS method). Strain in folds. Kink bands. Polyphase folding. Mapping of folds.
  • Foliation (planar rock fabric in metamorphic rocks): cleavages (slaty, crenulation, fracture, pressure-solution), schistosity, gneissic banding (foliation) and mylonitic foliation. Foliations and folds (ZMS method). Mapping foliations.
  • Linear structures (lineations): stylolites, slickolites and slickensides, striations, mineral stretching and elongation lineations, cleavage lineations, boudins and mullions. Mapping linear structures.
  • Fault definition (joint versus fault), basic nomenclature and classifications od faults. Deformation bands. Anderson’s theory od faulting. Pre-fault origin of drag folds along faults. Strike-slip faults: wench, transfer, transform and transcurrent. Features associated with great listric normal faults. Mapping faults.
  • Shear zones: brittle and ductile. Stress systems and sense of shear. Fault rocks.
    *Discontinuities. Fractures versus stylolitic seams/stylolites (“anti cracks”). Types of fractures: joints, shears, fissures, veins and dikes/dykes.

Project classes:

  • Azimuth and bearing (US army definition). Different conventions of recording a strike and a dip direction. Measuring and recording the orientation/attitude of planar structures and lineations. Measuring and recording the attitude of lineations: plunge versus pitch/rake.
  • Spherical projection versus stereographic projection. Stereographic net.
  • Stereogram of a line and a plane. Planes as great circles and poles. Plotting lines where the plunge is known and where the pitch is known. Basic constructions: intersection of two planes, the angle between two planes or two lines etc.
  • Analysis of folds: cylindricity and plunge of axis, interlimb and axial plane.
  • Faults. Estimation of stress directions: conjugate pair of faults method, the right dihedra (beach-ball) method.
  • Rotations about a horizontal axis and about an inclined axis.

Student workload (ECTS credits balance)
Student activity form Student workload
Summary student workload 75 h
Module ECTS credits 3 ECTS
Participation in lectures 26 h
Examination or Final test 2 h
Participation in project classes 14 h
Preparation for classes 26 h
Realization of independently performed tasks 7 h
Additional information
Method of calculating the final grade:

The final grade = 0,6* exam result + 0,4 * classes test result

Prerequisites and additional requirements:

Student should be graduated in physical geology and geological mapping.

Recommended literature and teaching resources:
  • FOSSEN, H., 2011. Structural Geology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 463 ss.
  • MARSHAK, Stephen; van der Pluijm, Ben A., Allmendinger, Richard W., 2004. Earth Structure : An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics 2nd: WW Norton & Co.
  • McCLAY, K., 2007. The Mapping of Geological Structures. The Geological Field Guide Series, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 161 ss.
  • e-modules_http://folk.uib.no/nglhe/StructuralGeoBookEmodules.html.
  • LEYSHON, P. R. & LISLE, R. J., 1996. Stereographic Projection Techniques in Structural Geology. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., Oxford, 104 ss.
  • computer program for the processing and visualization of orientation data Tectonics FP
    http://www.tectonicsfp.com/Tectonics-FP-Software/View-category.html
Scientific publications of module course instructors related to the topic of the module:

Additional scientific publications not specified

Additional information:

None