Module also offered within study programmes:
General information:
Name:
Sensor Technology
Course of study:
2017/2018
Code:
IES-1-601-s
Faculty of:
Computer Science, Electronics and Telecommunications
Study level:
First-cycle studies
Specialty:
-
Field of study:
Electronics and Telecommunications
Semester:
6
Profile of education:
Academic (A)
Lecture language:
English
Form and type of study:
Full-time studies
Responsible teacher:
dr inż. Rydosz Artur (rydosz@agh.edu.pl)
Academic teachers:
Brudnik Andrzej (brudnik@agh.edu.pl)
dr inż. Rydosz Artur (rydosz@agh.edu.pl)
Module summary

This course enables to familiarize students with basic technologies and measurement procedures for sensors used essentially for detection of non-electrical quantities.

Description of learning outcomes for module
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Connections with FLO Method of learning outcomes verification (form of completion)
Social competence
M_K001 The student understands the need for modern, miniaturized and low-energy sensors to monitor environmental parameters. ES1A_K02 Activity during classes
M_K002 The student is aware of the impact of human activities on the natural environment and understands the need to protect it. ES1A_K02 Activity during classes
M_K003 The student understands the need to search for innovative sensor solutions with ever-better parameters. ES1A_K04, ES1A_K02, ES1A_K01 Activity during classes
Skills
M_U001 Student is able to measure a given sensor's characteristics using instruments available in the laboratory, and then interpret it and verify it with the expected characteristics. ES1A_U26, ES1A_U18, ES1A_U12, ES1A_U01, ES1A_U14, ES1A_U08 Execution of laboratory classes
M_U002 The student is able to develop documentation of the results of the experiment, including a discussion of these results and conclusions. ES1A_U02, ES1A_U03 Report
M_U003 The student is able to find in the literature, databases, application notes and other sources needed information about the parameters of sensors, their characteristics and operation. ES1A_U02, ES1A_U01 Execution of laboratory classes
M_U004 The student is able to choose a sensor of a certain type for a specific application, based on the characteristics of the device. ES1A_U15, ES1A_U01, ES1A_U05 Execution of laboratory classes
Knowledge
M_W001 Student can understand the role of sensor, transducer and actuator. Is familiarized with static and dynamic sensor characteristics. Knows the sensor calibration procedure. ES1A_W01, ES1A_W21, ES1A_W12 Test
M_W002 Student has the basic knowledge in sensors signal conditioning, in construction of measurement chain comprising amplification components, filters, signal converters. ES1A_W14, ES1A_W16, ES1A_W01 Test
M_W003 Student knows the materials used in modern sensors and basic technologies of sensors manufacturing including MEMS, LIGA and EFAB technologies. ES1A_W15, ES1A_W05 Activity during classes
M_W004 Student knows how are built and how work the sensors of different electrical and non-electrical parameters, made in various technologies, including MEMS sensors. ES1A_W14, ES1A_W12, ES1A_W02 Test
FLO matrix in relation to forms of classes
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Form of classes
Lecture
Audit. classes
Lab. classes
Project classes
Conv. seminar
Seminar classes
Pract. classes
Zaj. terenowe
Zaj. warsztatowe
Others
E-learning
Social competence
M_K001 The student understands the need for modern, miniaturized and low-energy sensors to monitor environmental parameters. + - + - - - - - - - -
M_K002 The student is aware of the impact of human activities on the natural environment and understands the need to protect it. + - + - - - - - - - -
M_K003 The student understands the need to search for innovative sensor solutions with ever-better parameters. + - + - - - - - - - -
Skills
M_U001 Student is able to measure a given sensor's characteristics using instruments available in the laboratory, and then interpret it and verify it with the expected characteristics. - - + - - - - - - - -
M_U002 The student is able to develop documentation of the results of the experiment, including a discussion of these results and conclusions. - - + - - - - - - - -
M_U003 The student is able to find in the literature, databases, application notes and other sources needed information about the parameters of sensors, their characteristics and operation. + - + - - - - - - - -
M_U004 The student is able to choose a sensor of a certain type for a specific application, based on the characteristics of the device. + - + - - - - - - - -
Knowledge
M_W001 Student can understand the role of sensor, transducer and actuator. Is familiarized with static and dynamic sensor characteristics. Knows the sensor calibration procedure. + - + - - - - - - - -
M_W002 Student has the basic knowledge in sensors signal conditioning, in construction of measurement chain comprising amplification components, filters, signal converters. + - + - - - - - - - -
M_W003 Student knows the materials used in modern sensors and basic technologies of sensors manufacturing including MEMS, LIGA and EFAB technologies. + - + - - - - - - - -
M_W004 Student knows how are built and how work the sensors of different electrical and non-electrical parameters, made in various technologies, including MEMS sensors. + - + - - - - - - - -
Module content
Lectures:
  1. 1. Introduction

    Basic organizational information, introductory information and definitions concerning sensors, sensor applications, requirements for sensors.

  2. 2. Sensor characteristics

    Classification of sensors, static and dynamic charcteristics, Laplace transformation.

  3. 3. Sensor signals conditioning

    Conditioning of sensor signal from sensors with resistive, voltage, current, inductive, frequency, load, etc. outputs. Bridge systems. Sensor interfaces.

  4. 4. Sensor technologies

    PVD and CVD thin film technologies, MEMS technology, lithography.

  5. 5. Sensors of mechanical quantities

    Displacement, velocity, acceleration and pressure sensors, induction and capacitance sensors.

  6. 6. Flow and humidity sensors

    Characterisation of flow, different types of flow sensors, absolute and relative humidity, resistance, capacitance, gravimetric and SAW humidity sensors, dew-point sensors.

  7. 7. Strain and pressure sensors

    Piezoresistance effect, micromachined pressure sensors.

  8. 8. Gas sensors

    Market production, resistance and non-resistance type gas sensors, solutions for improvement of selectivity.

  9. 9. Temperature sensors

    RTD detectors, thermistors, thermoelectric sensors, p/n junction sensors, pyrometers.

  10. 10. Light detectors

    Photodiode, phototransistor, photoresistor, thermal-type light detectors.

  11. 11. Magnetic sensors

    Inductive, transformer-type, magnetogalvanic and magnetoelectric sensors, magnetoresistors, magnetic tunel junction sensors, SQUIDs.

Laboratory classes:
  1. 1. Investigation of accelerometers.

    The exercise examines the micromechanical acceleration sensor from the ADXL series and the piezoelectric mechanical vibration sensor. The output signals are observed on the oscilloscope, the static characteristics of the accelerometer being measured are determined.

  2. 2. Investigation of selected temperature sensors.

    In the experiment, dynamic characteristics of different types of thermocouples are studied. An output signal from the thermocouple is observed. On the basis of measured characteristics, the thermocouple transmittance is calculated using the Kondratiev method.

  3. 3. Semiconductor resistance-type semiconductor gas sensors

    The exercise determines the static and dynamic characteristics of gas sensors: dependence of sensitivity on temperature, gas concentration and gas flow. The reaction rate of the sensor for gas at various operating temperatures is also determined.

  4. 4. Investigation of photodetectors

    The exercise determines the spectral characteristics of basic photodetectors: photoresistors, photodiodes, phototransistors made of various semiconductors. The gap bandwidth of the semiconductors is determined.

Student workload (ECTS credits balance)
Student activity form Student workload
Summary student workload 75 h
Module ECTS credits 3 ECTS
Participation in laboratory classes 14 h
Participation in lectures 24 h
Preparation of a report, presentation, written work, etc. 8 h
Preparation for classes 14 h
Contact hours 15 h
Additional information
Method of calculating the final grade:

The requirement for obtaining the positive final grade is passing the final test from lectures and a positive grade from laboratory classes.

Prerequisites and additional requirements:

a

Recommended literature and teaching resources:

1. S.M. Sze, Semiconductor Sensors, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1994
2. J.W. Gardner, V.K. Varadan, O.O. Awadelkarim, Microsensors, MEMS and Smart Devices, John Wiley & Sons, LTD, 2001
3. W. Göpel, J. Hesse, J.N. Zemel, Sensors – A Comprehensive Survey, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 1989
4. T. Pisarkiewicz, Mikrosensory gazów, Wydawnictwa AGH, Kraków 2007
5. Wybrane sensory gazów. Przewodnik multimedialny: http://oen.dydaktyka.agh.edu.pl/dydaktyka/automatyka/c_sensory_gazu/
6. Sensor Laboratory web page: http://home.agh.edu.pl/~maziarz/LabTechSens
7. R. Frank, “Understanding smart sensors”, Artech House, 1996
8. J.W. Gardner, V.K.Varadan, “Microsensors, MEMS, and Smart Devices”, John Wiley & Sons, 2001
9. S. Tumański, „Technika pomiarowa”, WNT 2007
10. Michalski L., Eckersdorf K.: Pomiary temperatury WNT
11. Rzasa M., Kiczma B.: Elektryczne i elektroniczne czujniki temperatury
12. L. Michalski, K. Eckersdorf, J. Kucharski: Termometria, przyrządy i metody, Wydawnictwo Politechniki Łódzkiej, 1998.
13. P. Horowitz, W. Hill: Sztuka Elektroniki, WKŁ, Warszawa cz. 1 i 2. wydanie: 9/2009.
14.P. Ripka „Magnetic sensors and magnetometers”, Artech House, 2001.
15.S. Tumański, „Thin film magnetoresistive sensors” IOP Publishing Ltd. 2001.
16.S. Tumański, „Cienkowarstwowe czujniki magnetorezystancyjne”, Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Warszawskiej, Warszawa 1997

Scientific publications of module course instructors related to the topic of the module:

The papers in the base:
https://bpp.agh.edu.pl/autor/rydosz-artur-06527
https://bpp.agh.edu.pl/autor/brudnik-andrzej-01174

Additional information:

a