Module also offered within study programmes:
General information:
Name:
Analogue Electronic Circuits 1
Course of study:
2017/2018
Code:
IES-1-306-s
Faculty of:
Computer Science, Electronics and Telecommunications
Study level:
First-cycle studies
Specialty:
-
Field of study:
Electronics and Telecommunications
Semester:
3
Profile of education:
Academic (A)
Lecture language:
English
Form and type of study:
Full-time studies
Responsible teacher:
dr hab. inż. Machowski Witold (witold.machowski@agh.edu.pl)
Academic teachers:
dr inż. Kołodziej Jacek (jackolo@agh.edu.pl)
dr hab. inż. Machowski Witold (witold.machowski@agh.edu.pl)
Dziurdzia Piotr (dziurdzi@agh.edu.pl)
Module summary

Introductory coures for sophomore students coveting most important fundamentals of analog circuit analysis and desgn (BJT and MOSFET amplifiers, OpAmps, feedback topologies)

Description of learning outcomes for module
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Connections with FLO Method of learning outcomes verification (form of completion)
Social competence
M_K001 Student understands the necessity and knows possibilities of lifelong learning and improving the professional competencies and qualifications ES1A_K01 Test
M_K002 Student is aware of the importance of non-technical aspects and consequences of his/her activity as an electronic engineer including responsibility for possible impact on environment ES1A_K02 Test
Skills
M_U001 Student can design analog electronic circuit using appropriate methods, techniques and tools. ES1A_U16 Test
M_U002 Student can utilize circuit implementations of analog blocks with taking into account performance and non-technical (eg. costs) issues. ES1A_U09 Test
M_U003 Student is able to formulate design specification for simple electronic systems and subsequently verify it. ES1A_U15 Test
Knowledge
M_W001 Student knows basic bipolar and CMOS circuit implementations of most important functional blocks ES1A_W21, ES1A_W16 Examination
M_W002 Student knows principles of analysis and design of analog electronic circuits ES1A_W15, ES1A_W12 Examination
FLO matrix in relation to forms of classes
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Form of classes
Lecture
Audit. classes
Lab. classes
Project classes
Conv. seminar
Seminar classes
Pract. classes
Zaj. terenowe
Zaj. warsztatowe
Others
E-learning
Social competence
M_K001 Student understands the necessity and knows possibilities of lifelong learning and improving the professional competencies and qualifications + + + - - - - - - - -
M_K002 Student is aware of the importance of non-technical aspects and consequences of his/her activity as an electronic engineer including responsibility for possible impact on environment + + + - - - - - - - -
Skills
M_U001 Student can design analog electronic circuit using appropriate methods, techniques and tools. + + + + - - - - - - -
M_U002 Student can utilize circuit implementations of analog blocks with taking into account performance and non-technical (eg. costs) issues. + + + + - - - - - - -
M_U003 Student is able to formulate design specification for simple electronic systems and subsequently verify it. + + + - - - - - - - -
Knowledge
M_W001 Student knows basic bipolar and CMOS circuit implementations of most important functional blocks + + - + - - - - - - -
M_W002 Student knows principles of analysis and design of analog electronic circuits + + - - - - - - - - -
Module content
Lectures:
Module comprises lectures (30 hr) discussion class (30 hr) and laboratory exercises (30 hr) Lectures

1. Electronics and microelectronics. Filters, amplifiers and other two-ports. Basic classes of amplifiers. Input and output impedance. OpAmp as a Black Box. Analysis of linear applications with OpAmps – inverting and non-inverting configuration.

2. Frequency response of simple RC circuits. Behavioral description of open loop OpAmp’s gain. Gain-bandwidth exchange in OpAmp circuits. Other OpAmp non-idealities and their impact on application performance. OpAmp based differentiator and integrator. Instrumental amplifiers.

3. Large and small-signal models of BJT. Relationship between collector current and small signal parameters. Impedance seen from base, collector and emmiter. Roboust BJT biasing in discrete and integrated technology. BJT amplifiers configurations – OE OB and emmiter follower. Benchmark parameters for different configurations.

4. Frequency response of transistor circuits. Miller effect.Intristic gain and fT.

5. MOSFET models for hand calculations. Body effect. Short channel MOSFETS. MOSFET biasing and amplifier configurations – CS, CG and CD.

6. Active biasing and load in bipolar and CMOS integrated circuits. Current sources/sinks and mirrors. Cascode configuration and its advantages. Folded cascode.

7. Feedback topologies. Sensing and return schemas. Feedback’s impact on amplifier parameters. Practical feedback circuit examples. Stability issues degenerative and regenerative feedback.

8. DC amplifiers. Long tail bipolar and MOSFET pair. Common mode and differential signals. Transfer curves for diffpair.
Small signal analysis of differential ammlifiers. CMRR and PSRR. Internal structure of OpAmp. Frequency compensation. Slew rate. Rail-to-rail amplifiers.

9. Active filters. Types of filters. Approximation, implementation and filter synthesis. Integrators, biquads.
Discrete time analog circuits – SC and SI filters.

10. Noise in electronic circuits. Noise origin in electronic devices. Noise parameters. Noise optimization and reduction. Interference noise and shielding.

11. Output stages and power amplifiers. Thermal issues in electronics. Safe operation area. Overheat protection. Thermal resistance.

12. Rectifiers and voltage regulators. Parametric stabilizers. Voltage regulators topology. Short protection and foldback. Pulse regulators and DC voltage converters.

Laboratory classes:
Laboratory class

The main philosophy of this lab is “learning by doing”.
Students work in teams and assembly practical circuits using solderless protoboards and THT elements/devices.
Subsequent themes are described more detailedly in lab manuals posted on the course webpage.

1. Introductory exercises. Safety rules in the laboratory. Getting familiar with laboratory equippment. Simple experiments with RC cicruics stimulated with sine and pulse waveforms.

2. OpAmp based circuits (inverting, noninverting, adder etc.)

3. OpAmp applications – students realize own project approved by the laboratory instructor.

4. BJT – biasing circuits

5. Single BJT amplifiers

6. Single CMOS amplifiers

7. BJT/CMOS differential pair

8. Voltage regulators

9. Final practical test – each student is expected to practically perform part of the lab exercise previously made with his/her team

Auditorium classes:
Discussion class:

1. Analysis and design of linear OpAmp applications.

2. Frequency response of OpAmp circuits. Stability of feedback circuits. Phase/gain margin concepts.

3. Bias calulations based on large signal models. Bias current sensitivity. Role of approximate calculations. Small-signal operation concept and models.

4. Analysis of small-signal parameters for different types of amplifier configurations.

5. Design procedures for amplifiers with desired gain and input/output impedance. Trade-offs in electronic circuit design. Impact of elements’ tolerances on performance.

6. Feedback circuit analysis. Basic topologiers. Intuitive sensing and return mechanism recognition.

7. Analysis of differential pairs. Active loads. Designing current mirrors.

8. Analysis and design of voltage regulators

Project classes:
-
Student workload (ECTS credits balance)
Student activity form Student workload
Summary student workload 149 h
Module ECTS credits 5 ECTS
Participation in lectures 28 h
Realization of independently performed tasks 28 h
Participation in laboratory classes 28 h
Preparation for classes 28 h
Participation in auditorium classes 28 h
Participation in project classes 9 h
Additional information
Method of calculating the final grade:

Final grade will be issued after successful assesment of both discussion and laboratory class as well as passing the final exam. The final grade is weighted sum of auditory class assesment (20%), lab class assesment (20%), final exam (50%) and lecture quizzes (10%)

Prerequisites and additional requirements:

Background in mathematics (calculus, matrix algebra, complex numbers), circuit theory, semiconductor devices. Basic laboratory skills – multimeter, oscilloscope, signal generator use.

Recommended literature and teaching resources:

B. Razavi Fundamentals of Microelectronics, Willey, 2008
A. Sedra, K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Oxford UP 2010
R. Jaeger, T. Blalock, Microelectronic Circuit Design,McGraw Hill 2003
A. Agarwal, J.H Lang, Foundations of Analog and Digital Electronic Circuits, Elsevier 2005

Scientific publications of module course instructors related to the topic of the module:

Niskonapięciowe układy analogowe bazujące na inwerterach CMOS w scalonych systemach VLSI — Low voltage analog circuits based on CMOS inverters in VLSI systems / Witold MACHOWSKI. — Kraków : Wydawnictwa AGH, 2012. — 197 s., 1. — (Rozprawy Monografie / Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie ; ISSN 0867-6631 ; 259). — Bibliogr

Hybrid DPWM implementation using coarse and fine programmable ADLL / Jacek JASIELSKI, Stanisław KUTA, Witold MACHOWSKI, Wojciech Kołodziejski // Microelectronics Journal ; ISSN 0026-2692. — 2014 vol. 45 iss. 9. s. 189–198, Streszcz., Summ.. — ISBN: 978-83-7464-533-1

Buforowanie danych w systemie transmisyjnym z koderem a/c i c/a o nierównomiernym próbkowaniu — Buffering data in the transmission system with a/d and d/a non-uniform sampling converters / Jacek KOŁODZIEJ, Jacek STĘPIEŃ, Witold MACHOWSKI, Ryszard GOLAŃSKI, Juliusz GODEK // Przegląd Elektrotechniczny / Stowarzyszenie Elektryków Polskich ; ISSN 0033-2097. — 2017 R. 93 nr 12, s. 221–226

Additional information:

None